McNab Model DSB Two-Angle Clarity Analyzer

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Center-of-pipe, real-time, two-angle measurement of suspended solids for your product improvement.
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A light or near-infrared scattering clarity measuring instrument, self-correcting for variations in illumination, color & fouling of optical surfaces.

Related Technical Papers/News Releases:

Simultaneous Dual Angle (90 and Forward Scatter) Indication

How It Works

Turbidity is the effect particles have on a light shining through liquid. Typical turbidity units are EBC, ASBC, PPM (parts per million), FTU, NTU, JTU, D.E., Helm, Wedge and others.

In a nephelometric turbidimeter, a collimated light shines through the liquid The light measured at a 90 degree angle to the collimated light (side scatter) is indicated in NTU units, and is proportional to the concentration of particles.

Light, of course, is scattered in all directions by the suspended particles (the Tyndall effect.) The amount of scatter in any particular direction may vary with the particles' characteristics; i.e. shape, size, color, reflectivity, absorption, etc. Since the amount of light scattered forward may the different from the light scattered at 90, it is advantageous to measure both angles simultaneously. For the forward scatter, it is important to have as small an angle as possible because as the angle decreases, sensitivity to particle size increases.

Because of these variations in scatter direction, the McNab Model DSB measures scatter simultaneously at 13 (forward scatter) and 90 from the axis of the light.

Outputs from the two (13 and 90) channels are for example, used to activate separate alarms. On the other hand, comparative processing can indicate variations between the two types of scatter, providing information on particle size.

The forward and right-angle scatter can be recorded continuously, separately, and simultaneously to provide process documentation, and warn of upsets and changes in product quality.

The Model DSB consists of a flow cell assembly and a dual channel control/indicator unit for forward scatter and side scatter signals.

McNabs unique four-chamber flow cell design optically isolates forward scatter and side scatter.

As can be seen in the accompanying illustration, the flow cell includes:

1.  The light source.

2.  The 90 detector which measures right-angle scatter. Right-angle scatter has become an international standard, accepted by the EPA in the United States, the EBC in Europe, and other authorities

3.  A combination detector which incorporates:

A reference detector that measures transmitted light from the source. Output from this detector is used to compensate for variations in input light intensity due to such factors as supply voltage variations, lamp aging, color variations and others. It also provides lamp failure alarm

A forward scatter detector placed behind the reference detector and a light blocking disc which prevents direct light from interfering with the scattered light. Forward scatter (at 13) is collected in a non-imaging optical chamber (patent pending) and directed to the photocell.

4.  A test lamp, which provides a functional test of the sensors, wiring and analyzer.

4.  The indicator/ control unit contains the modular electronic circuitry necessary to process signals from the photosensors. This provides readings in the required units, displays those readings, inputs desired set- points, indicates alarm levels, operates relays and provides self-diagnostics.

From Light Beer to Coal Slurry,

McNab Clarity Analyzers measure suspended solids in process liquids with:

  • 0.1% Repeatability per year
  • Complete international conformance EPA, DIN, ISO; correlates with original hazemeter and other instruments

No Standardization Required

The DSB achieves measurement stability of 0.1% per year, allowing maintenance-free operation. This is made possible by three critical matched signal-verifying modules (SVMs), each with 100-megohm input impedance. These SVMs eliminate drift, so there is no need for constant restandardization. SVM's also correct for any variation in sensor cable length, so nearby electric interference does not affect operation, even at cable distances of 600 feet (180m).

Built-in Zero Standard

The unique built-in zero standard can be used at any time to verify standardization, even when the process is operating. Simply press the test button, and the system verifies that actual standardization has been maintained; no drift has occurred. No down time or removal is needed.

 High-Range Measurement In Problem Liquids

product_DSB_diagram_suspended_solids.JPG (51743 bytes)New high technology optics and UV-enhanced sensors deliver 1,000 times more sensitivity than was possible as recently as five years ago. The DSB uses this dramatic improvement to measure suspended solids in "problem" liquids like dark stout and orange juice.



Center-Of-Pipe Measurement

product_DSB_diagram_center_of_pipe.JPG (102554 bytes)The ideal turbidity measurement is made in the center of the actual process pipe. Near the pipe wall. in a by-pass pipe or in a slipstream, turbidity particles will settle out because minimum velocity is not maintained. To eliminate this problem, the DSB measures only in the high velocity region in the center of the pipe. This is essential for high accuracy measurement and can yield a 2:1 improvement in accuracy.

Complete Color Compensation

product_DSB_diagram_color_compensation.JPG (62247 bytes)Color is "dissolved" in a liquid and is not turbidity. Color does not scatter light, but it will attenuate light, interfering with the accurate measure of turbidity.

To prevent color interference, the Model DSB measures light attenuated by color and completely adjusts for this interference. The result is accurate, stable measurement without moving parts or adjustments.

Extended-Life Light Source

product_DSB_diagram_lamp_life.JPG (30557 bytes)Optical lamp life has been extended to an average of five years by use of optional improved lamp control circuitry. This makes a truly maintenance-free system.


Future Expansion Capabilities with Opti-Batch

Following modern computer programming needs, your current or future facility computer may be linked to the DSB analyzer providing the following benefits:

  1. Continuous, simultaneous product quality monitoring on both forward- and side-scatter channels.
  2. The master computer can query the DSB to verify factory floor quality set-points.
  3. The master computer can instantly adjust set points to match quality standards to product specifications for different products running in the same process line
  4. The master computer can modify specifications late in the batch based on early-batch performance to assure over-all batch quality with minimal waste.
  5. The master computer can trigger the DSB's internal calibration standard to verify actual instrument performance.

If this capability is desired, specify the Opti-Batch option.

Adjustments and Calibration

Prior to delivery, each DSB is tested at McNabs calibration bench in the United States. Each size and range is precisely calibrated at five different concentrations. A detailed report is prepared and typically included in the owners manual.

About McNab

McNab, Inc. is located in metropolitan New York City. Our offices in Mount Vernon, New York include our research & development laboratory, design engineering department, modern manufacturing plant and automatic testing facilites to evaluate our products.  McNab's Quality Assurance Process meets Mil-I-45208.  We also maintain an engineering and parts facility in Europe.

McNab, Incorporated, in business for more than 80 years, designs and manufactures in-pipe analyzers for multi-parameter measurements.

We built our first fluid analyzers back in 1930. Today our product line has grown to include not only conductivity and pH, hut also absorption, color, infrared, and scatter turbidity measurements.

Our products range in complexity from small electronics, such as industrial timers, to multi-point monitoring systems for the newest nuclear power plants.

Whether simple or complex, McNab instrumentation can be relied on to have well engineered solid-state circuitry, sound construction, reliable transducers and the McNab commitment to quality products, on-time shipments, reliable held service and reasonable prices.


Model DSB
Principle of Operation: Scatter, 90 and forward, ratio, nephelometric meets APHA, EPA, ISO 7027.  Color corrected.
Range: (typically 2" light path) 0 - 2, 20, 200, (199.9) NTU (U)
0 - 2, 20, 200, (199.9) JTU/PPM (P)
0, 20, 2000 (1999) ASBC (A)
0 - 2, 20 (19.99) EBC (E)
0 - 190% Concentration (C)
Repeatability: 0.1% Fullscale per year.
Sensitivity: 0.001 NTU
Ambient Conditions: 32 - 120F (0 - 50C), 0 - 100% relative humidity.
Recorder Output: 0 - 1 mA
4-20 Output: Dual two-wire, ground-isolated powered or unpowered.
Alarms: Two independent adjustable set-point alarms 3P/DT 5A resistive unpowered.
Built-in test and fault-isolation: Alarms, relays and 4-20 trip when bulb failure, obscured windows, or power loss detected.
Housings: NEMA 4 (watertight)
NEMA 4X (stainless)
hinged door W 27" x H 16" x D 7" (68.5 x 41 x 18 cm) for wall mounting, or semi-flush.
Meter: Dual 3-Digit LED
Weight: 65 lb./29.4 kg
System Test: Zero and span, push-to-test switch.
Front Panel Instructions: Available in English, German, Dutch, French, and other languages (per customer).
Flow Cell Assembly
Range: Follows indicator.
Optics: Fixed, non-imaging.  Patent pending.
Material: Stainless Steel, ASTM 316L/DIN 4435, other materials available.
Windows: Tempered borosilicate glass, vitreous silica, TFE 3/8" to 1" (10 - 25 mm) thick.
Seals: TFE, Ethylene propylene, Buna N, PFE, fluoroelastomer butyl, etc.
Flow Chamber: Unrestricted, full diameter flow.
Operating Pressure: 150 psig, 10 bar, PN 10 (Contact factory for higher ratings.)
Operating Temperature: 15 to 225F (-10  - 115C).  Up to 480F (250C) with air purge.
Process Flange: Butt weld - typical, (Flange, ASTM, DIN, threaded and dairy available.)
Enclosures: NEMA 6 (submersible)
NEMA 7 (explosion-proof)
Separation from indicator: 600 ft. (180 meters).  Complete with cables.
System Calibration: Two-point: polymer bead, formazine, or diatomaceous earth.
Specification may be changed or improved as necessary.

383-2 East 29th Street | Buena Vista, VA | USA 24416-1293

540.261.1045 voice | 540.261.1268 fax |

Copyright 1999 - 2010  McNab, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  Last modified: 08.12.2010

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